CategoriesResearch Articles

Powered vs Manual All Terrain Wheelchairs. Which is best for me?

This article will help you decide which type of all terrain wheelchair is best for you. A wheelchair powered by batteries or gasoline and controlled with a steering wheel or joystick. Or a manual wheelchair that you can push with your own arms or that is pushed by a caretaker.

Choosing an all terrain wheelchair may feel like an overwhelming challenge. There are many options and factors that will affect your decision. You will need to do some research to help you decide how much you should spend. Think about the types of activities you want to do with your wheelchair, where you want to be able to go, how you’re going to transport it, where you’re going to store it when not in use.

What is your budget?

Prices can vary widely depending on your choice of all terrain wheelchair. Powered off road wheelchairs can cost in the range of $12,000 to $20,000. These types of wheelchair can be tracked or have wheels. They are normally powered by batteries and electric motors, but there is at least one model that is powered by gasoline.

Manual wheelchairs sell in the range of $1000 to $10,000. There are manual wheelchairs designed for hiking, floating in the water. There are some that use levers so that you can push yourself, and others that are pushed by a caretaker.

What is your ability level?

There is a right wheelchair for everyone, but there isn’t one wheelchair that is right for everyone. Because of the wide range of disabilities today the market has introduced a wide range of solutions.

My friend Sam has cerebral palsy and is unable to control his hands to operate a powered wheelchair. I’m sure he would love to drive around in a “tank treaded” mobility device crushing everything in his path. I’m sure he would be laughing maniacally while he did it. Unfortunately he just can’t. The best thing for Sam is a manual wheelchair and a friend who likes to go on adventures with him.

The best thing for you might be a wheelchair like the GRIT Freedom Chair, or Mountain Trike that uses levers to give you more power when pushing yourself. Or it could be a beastly wheelchair with tank treads.

Your ability level will play a big role in what type of wheelchair you choose. So be honest with yourself about it and use it to help you narrow down your search for the perfect wheelchair.

How will you transport your all terrain wheelchair?

Both powered and manual all terrain wheelchairs are larger and heavier than your standard wheelchair. Before purchasing a wheelchair designed to take you anywhere you need to be sure you have a way to take that wheelchair to the destination you want to explore.

Most manual wheelchairs weigh between 40 and 60 pounds, and can be folded or taken apart and fit into the trunk of a car or back of an SUV. Lightweight and small enough to easily travel with.

Powered off road wheelchairs are HEAVY. Electric motors, batteries, tank treads really add up. These mobility devices weigh between 400 and 600 pounds! This needs to be taken into account when deciding between powered and manual.

If you want to explore anywhere other than your backyard you’re going to need a way to transport the wheelchair. This means a pickup truck with ramps you can drive the wheelchair into. Some people don’t like this because it can be a little scary driving up the ramps into the truck.

Another option is a low riding trailer. Certainly easier and safer than trying to drive up ramps into a truck. But unless you already own these items you’re now looking at purchasing an off road wheelchair for $12,000 – $20,000 and then having to purchase a truck and trailer to move it to the place you want to enjoy.

Where will you store your all terrain wheelchair?

Because off road wheelchairs are larger than their on road counterparts you need to think about where you are going to store it when not in use. Do you have room in your apartment? In your house? Is there space in your garage?

Powered all terrain wheelchairs take up a large footprint. Action Trackchair has several different models that vary slightly in size but on average are around 55 inches long, and 40 inches wide (they do have one narrow model at 29.5”).

TracFab’s gasoline powered model is 36” wide and 61” long. It also has a roll cage going over the rider which makes it 61” tall.

Where do you want to go?

What kind of terrain do you want to travel over? Do you want to play in the water at the beach? Do you want to shoot a deer and throw the carcass over the back and take it back to camp? Do you have a goal to visit every National Park in the United States? Do you want to hike every trail in your area?

If you live near the beach there are many manual off road wheelchairs that are specifically designed for the beach. They are made from corrosion resistant materials, and even float in the water.

Are you a hunter? Manufacturers of tracked wheelchairs offer accessories that allow you to steady your rifle as you take aim and have platforms designed to carry your harvest back to camp.

National Parks have many great hiking trails. There are even some parks that provide all terrain wheelchairs for their visitors. Unfortunately not all of them understand how important it is to offer this type of accommodation. Having your own manual wheelchair at a National Park will allow you to access more places as powered off road devices may take a special permit or not be allowed at all.

The Emma X3 from Extreme Motus is a fantastic all around chair that is great for hiking, floats in the water at the beach, and likes to explore Utah’s National Parks.


All terrain wheelchairs are a fantastic way for people to explore the great outdoors. They open up a huge percentage of planet earth that a standard on road wheelchair could never visit.

The health benefits of spending time outside in the sun, exploring green areas shouldn’t be ignored. Use our All Terrain Wheelchair Research center. Find the best wheelchair for you and make nature wheelchair accessible.

Further reading:


CategoriesOff-road Adventures

Squaw Peak Wheelchair Adventure

With the state of Utah beginning to ease “stay at home” restrictions Sam and I decided it was time for a proper wheelchair adventure. We had been forced to cancel several fun trips because of the pandemic.

We wanted something close by and a trail neither one of us had attempted before. The Squaw Peak trail isn’t too far from where we live, so we geared up and headed that way.

Mason is one of Sam’s caretakers, and also Sam’s cousin. He came a long to help push/pull Sam up the trail with me.

Squaw Peak Trail is a 7 mile hike, 3.5 up and 3.5 down. In that 3.5 miles up hikers will gain 2,739 feet of elevation. Hikers like me who have been locked in their houses for nearly 2 months and are a little soft around the middle should have probably chosen an easier hike to get back into the swing of things.

The Most Difficult Wheelchair Adventure we Have Attempted

Not only was Squaw Peak the most difficult trail we have attempted with the Emma X3 off road wheelchair, we also had the smallest group of people to help. With only Mason and I to move Sam up the trail we were moving slow, and wearing ourselves out quick. Before this our most difficult wheelchair adventure was the hike to Delicate Arch.

The trail eventually becomes steep single track and has technical sections where large boulders and roots fill the trail. These spots were so narrow we wouldn’t have been able to use the extra people even if we had them. Other than to spell each other out, the trail was just to narrow.

As I was pulling the wheelchair up the trail I would look back as Mason and I sent the tires full force into large jagged rocks over and over. The low pressure Wheeleez absorbed and molded themselves around and over everything we threw at it. And I was very impressed by how durable they are. I know they can get flats, but after this trip I don’t know what it takes to puncture one.

Every 15 Seconds

Once we made it to the difficult sections Mason and I were pushing with maximum effort. Because of this I needed to rest more often than Mason who is about 20 years younger than me.

So we would push, take a short break where I would attempt to catch my breath and then carry on again. A few other hikers passed us along the trail and were very much impressed to see a wheelchair so far up a difficult trail.

During one of my breaks Mason asked me, “Do you realize we’re taking breaks like every 15 seconds?” I couldn’t believe it. I felt as though I was pushing for at least 15 minutes between breaks!

Time to Face the Music

A couple that had passed us on the way up was now passing us on their way down. They gave us some candy and let us know we were still 1 mile from the top, but that in only half of a mile we would be able to see the valley below and get some cool pictures, and video.

We carried on for about 300 more feet when Mason let me know he had run out of water. I had a camel pack on but didn’t know how much was left. We were going so slow that if we kept at it we might have been walking down that trail in the dark making things much more difficult with the off road wheelchair. This was also our first big adventure of the season and both of us could feel blisters developing on our feet.

So we didn’t make it. We turned around and head back down the mountain. But we did get to have an adventure, gain another story to tell, and made a fun video.

I came away with the knowledge that the Emma X3 all terrain wheelchair is capable of going anywhere you are strong enough to push it. I have pushed this wheelchair more than just about anybody and attempting Squaw Peak trail I was really impressed at how it held up to everything we threw at it.

I also learned it’s time to start saying no to the cookies and ice cream so Sam and I can visit more cool places together.


CategoriesFAQ Our Company Research Articles

The Emma X3 Off Road Wheelchair

In this post I’ll attempt to cover every nitty gritty detail of the Extreme Motus Emma X3 off road wheelchair. Below is a list of all the topics discussed in this article.


Aluminium Frame

The Emma X3 is an off road wheelchair that can do it all, but it’s primarily designed to be a hiking wheelchair. So it needs to be both lightweight and strong. This is why we choose to manufacture our chair from aluminum. We use a CNC lathe to cut solid aluminium bars into the frame that makes our wheelchair.


We take the aluminium bars that make up the wheelchair frame and send them to be anodized. We chose anodizing over powder coating because powder coating cannot withstand the same amount of abuse as an anodized metal.

Powder coating looks great, but can chip and scratch over time. Because this is a wheelchair made for the trail we want it to keep looking shiny for as long as possible.


Anodizing is an inorganic finish and inorganic finishes have superior hardness and scratch resistant properties when compared to organic finishes like powder coating.

Typically we offer the Emma X3 in red and blue. If you’re interested in a custom color please give us a call and we can make it happen.


The seat we use for the Emma X3 like the frame is lightweight aluminum. If you’ve ever built a custom race car this type of seat probably looks familiar. That’s because it’s used in race cars to keep them as lightweight as possible. Because the Emma X3 is a manual wheelchair we have done our best to trim weight wherever we can.

The cover can be easily removed with no tools, but the clip does kind of hide behind the wheel. A pair of needle nose pliers make this easier to get too, or can just easily remove the wheels if it’s giving you trouble.

If you take your chair in the water you should remove the cover and hang it up so it can dry completely.

You can order the seat for your Emma X3 in 3 different sizes. Small, Medium, and Large. The difference in these sizes only affects the width of the chair.

Sam who stars in most of our videos weighs 100 pounds, and he uses the medium sized chair. I weigh around 200 pounds and think the large chair is more comfortable, but can still squeeze into a medium. If you’re buying the X3 for a child then we recommend the small sized chair.

Low Pressure Wheels

The bigger a wheel is the easier it can to roll over an obstacle. The large low pressure wheels we use on our off road wheelchair allow the X3 to be pushed over grass, gravel, rocks, ice, snow, and even float in water.

At about 4 psi Wheeleez wheels also provide suspension for the rider. No fun to ride off-road if you have to feel every bump on that road.

These tires are made from a durable PVC material and so far I’ve never experienced a flat tire while on an adventure. With such low pressure the tires are soft enough to roll over most sharp rocks and thorns without creating a puncture.

But if a tire has air in it that air can someday find its way out. If you do get a flat tire it can be repaired with a soldering iron by melting the material back together. As this video shows even large slices can be repaired using this method.

Adjustable Handlebar

Depending on the height of the person pushing the wheelchair you may find it necessary to adjust the handlebar. This is really easy to do with an allen key. Loosen one screw, place it at the desired height and tighten it back down. 

It’s a good idea to keep a small mountain bike tool in the storage pack on your wheelchair just in case something needs to be adjusted while on an adventure.

Disk Brakes

Something that really sets the X3 apart from other off road wheelchairs are the disk brakes. They provide excellent stopping power because they are on the rear wheels directly under the rider where the center of gravity is.

While hiking on the red rock sandstone of the Utah desert the X3 seemed to have a limitless amount of stopping power because the tires gripped the rock so well, and the brakes are so strong.

Each wheel has its own brake handle and they can be operated independently. This can help when going down a hill to turn the chair left or right as you squeeze one handle more than the other.

You’ll feel comfortable and in control descending nearly any trail in the X3.

Water Bottles

The frame of the X3 comes pre-drilled for 2 water bottle holders one on each side of the spine that leads to the handlebars behind the seat. We don’t want our ordering process to feel confusing and we don’t like to feel nickel and dimed when we are purchasing anything.

For these reasons every off road wheelchair we sell includes these water bottles and cages as standard equipment. Something many other companies charge extra for as an option.

Storage Options/luggage

The X3 also comes standard with 2 handy storage options. The first is a small pack that is mounted on the handle bars. Super convenient place to store smaller items like snacks or your smartphone that you might want quick access too.

The large pack that mounts behind the seat essentially one side of a bicycle pannier. It hangs from a metal rod inserted into the spine of the chair, and is kept from wobbling about with a bungee cord that attaches to the rear axle of the chair.

I like to use this bag to store a light jacket, lunch, camera gear, drone, etc. It’s a roll top bag and stands up to rain, but if you’re taking the X3 into the water we recommend removing it so your items don’t get soaked.

Folding for Storage

When you’re finished with your adventure and need to store the X3 you can simply remove 2 pins from the frame and it folds in seconds. The pins are attached to the frame with small ropes so they won’t get lost.

There are multiple holes in the frame and you can slightly change the angle of the frame, and how the chair sits. You should experiment with this to find out which setting you like the best.

Removing Wheels for Storage

The wheels attach to the brakes using the same method race cars use to quickly swap out tires in a pit stop. This allows the wheels to be quickly removed for storage or to be loaded into a smaller car.

To remove the wheels simply pull the pin from the axel. Take care not to lose the spacer that sits between the pin and tire. Slide the wheel off and you’re ready to go.

Removing the wheels does save you some space. However the axle makes the chair just as wide as if it had the tires on. Removing the axle is more difficult, it takes some tools and know how. We recommend leaving the axle in place after removing the wheels to avoid any headaches.

When it’s time to replace the wheels, slowly slide the wheel back on the axle and align the pins in the hub on the back side of the wheel with the holes on the disk brake.

The hub is fitted with magnets and you should be able to feel the disk snap against the magnets letting you know it’s in the right position.

Pushing the X3 Off Road Wheelchair

How easy it is to push the X3 depends on a few factors.

  1. How heavy is the person being pushed?
  2. How strong is the person pushing?
  3. What kind of terrain are you taking the X3 on?
  4. Is it uphill or downhill?
  5. Is it loose sand or packed sand?

My point is, it’s as easy or as difficult as you want it to be. If you want hardcore off road adventures the X3 can handle anything you throw at it. If you want long walks on the beach it’s great for that too.

In some of our videos when the going gets tough we need more than one person pushing and go shoulder to shoulder with one person on each side of the handle bar. The frame of the chair also has many places where you can attach ropes and have people pulling from the front as well.

On steep sections of a trail we have people both pulling and pushing to lighten the load, and keep the person in the wheelchair safe.

As someone who has pushed the Emma X3 a lot I can say that while it can be a work out, it’s also a very rewarding experience. Being able to take my friend Sam to places he’s never been able to visit makes both of us very happy.

Turning the X3

Because the front wheel of the Emma X3 is fixed you need to pop a wheelie to turn left or right. This is relatively easy to do because the center of gravity is over the back wheels.

But turning, like pushing, is also somewhat based on the weight of the rider and the strength of the person pushing. I find it very easy to walk with the front wheel in the air because of how the chair is balanced over the rear axle.

It might take a little bit of practice but it’s like riding a bicycle. Once you have the hang of it, it’s easy.

Floating in Water

The tires of the Emma X3 off road wheelchair are large enough to keep the chair buoyant in the water. I’ll never forget the first time we took Sam blasting across the sand and into the water at our nearby reservoir. He was having so much fun playing in the water instead of being stuck sitting on the shore baking in the sun.

Yes, the X3 does float, but that doesn’t mean it’s an ocean going vessel or a life saving device. The person sitting in the chair means it’s top heavy in the water, and if the person pushing lets go of the handlebars the chair will tip over.

So you will need to stay in calm, shallow water where the person who is pushing can keep both feet on the ground and stay completely in control of the wheelchair at all times.

We also recommend using a life jacket, and unbucking the seat belt when you decide to go into amphibious mode to keep everyone as safe as possible.

How Much Does It Cost?

The Emma X3 off road wheelchair currently sells for $4049.

This includes your choice of red or blue color. Small, medium, or large seat. Water bottles and cages. Handlebar storage compartment, and behind the seat pannier compartment. And independent disk brakes.


I hope this post along with the other information on our website gives you a good understanding of the Emma X3 off road wheelchair from Extreme Motus. You should now have a good idea of whether or not this is the right off road wheelchair for you and your needs.

If you have any more questions please do not hesitate to call or text me. Ryan Grassley – 801-683-9191 –

CategoriesResearch Articles

What is the Price of an All Terrain Wheelchair?

The price of an all terrain wheelchair ranges in from $1,000 to $20,000+ this means you have many options to choose from. It’s a good problem to have but finding what is right for you can feel overwhelming. This article discusses the factors one should take into account when choosing the right all terrain wheelchair for their wants, needs, and budget.

There is a perfect wheelchair for everyone, but there isn’t one chair that is perfect for everyone. When deciding which all terrain wheelchair you should buy there are many factors to keep in mind.

All Terrain Wheelchairs are a fantastic way for people to visit places that aren’t paved. Some of the United States most scenic places to visit are at the end of unpaved trails in our country’s National Parks. When people understand the health benefits of spending time outdoors they search for solutions that allow them to visit more places. 

Manual All Terrain Wheelchair VS Powered All Terrain Wheelchair?

Manual Off-road Wheelchairs are more affordable than their powered counterparts. They are lightweight, low maintenance, and can be taken into National Parks without the need for a special permit. They can also be used in the water without worrying about expensive batteries and electronics.

But they often need someone pushing from behind. Some wheelchair users are not interested in being pushed. People like this should look at wheelchairs that use levers to propel them forward.

Powered Off-Road wheelchairs can give people the independence to explore on their own, but they have some downsides. They are more complicated than manual wheelchairs, meaning they will need more maintenance. At around 500 pounds they are heavy, you will need a truck or trailer to transport it to the beach or hiking trail you want to explore. They can be very expensive between $12,000 – $20,000.

Action Trackchair TR

What features are most important to you?

As you research which off-road wheelchair is best for your needs you should decide early on where you want to spend most of your time in it. Different manufacturers tend to focus on different segments of the market.

If you live near the beach you might plan on spending a lot of time floating in the water. If you live near the mountains and will spend more time hiking you’re going to take that into consideration when making your choice.


  • Is it rolling on mountain bike tires, or softer balloon type tires?
  • Does it have brakes?
  • Can it carry bags for storage?
  • Does it break down for storage or transportation?
  • Does it float in water?
  • Can it be self propelled or does it need to be pushed by someone else?


A good hiking wheelchair needs to be maneuverable to be able to make its way over, under, and through obstacles on a trail. Some wheelchairs which are specially designed as beach wheelchairs have a hard time doing something as simple as going up or down a curb.

Extreme Motus Emma X3

How Much Should I Spend On An All Terrain Wheelchair?

The cost of an all terrain wheelchair can vary greatly. When you’re budgeting to purchase an off-road wheelchair think about
  • How often do you plan to use it?
  • Where do you plan to use it?
  • How will you transport it?
    • Powered off-road wheelchairs are very heavy (+/-500 pounds) and will require a truck with ramps or a trailer. If you don’t already own these things they can add a significant amount to your budget for an outdoor mobility device.

What material is it constructed from?

Quality all terrain wheelchairs are constructed from aluminum, or stainless steel. This allows people to take them to the beach and put them in the salt water and not worry about corrosion developing on their wheelchair.

People without beaches nearby use their all terrain wheelchairs for hiking and the frame needs to be strong enough to get a little banged up as it rolls down sometimes rough and rocky trails.

Self Propelled or Caretaker Assist?

Athletic wheelchair users with strength in their arms may choose a wheelchair like the GRIT or Mountain Trike. People with a disability that affects their arms should look at the Extreme Motus Emma X3.

Emma X3 about to catch some air.


What is the price of an all terrain wheelchair?

 In your search for the perfect off-road wheelchair only you can decide what is best for your ability level, budget, thirst for adventure, and geographical location. The Emma X3 we manufacturer at Extreme Motus is great for hiking, and also floats in the water. We’ve taken it on extreme hikes, and short walks around the neighborhood. If you feel the Emma X3 will fit your needs we would be happy to serve you.

However, we sincerely believe in the health benefits that being outdoors can bring and we want you to experience every bit of our planet you can safely visit. So whether you choose our all terrain wheelchair or one of our competitors get out there and explore new places.

More Reading

Our All Terrain Wheelchair Research Center is always growing with more information and reviews about manual and powered wheelchairs that can make the inaccessible accessible.



Off-road Wheelchair Land Speed Record

Sometimes we go on epic adventures and sometimes we get goofy. Goofy is what happened when Sam and I decided to set out to make a video about setting a land speed record in an off-road wheelchair.

I really wanted to shoot this at Utah’s world famous Bonniville Salt Flats, but on the weekend we all had available Greg and his crew had decided to hang out at Knolls Recreational  Area. Sam and I met Greg in the desert with a rough plan and improvised the rest.

The day before the shoot it dawned on me how perfect it would be to have Sam wearing an Evil Knievel jump suit for this video. I must have called 20 different costume and party stores trying to find one but sadly struck out. Not owning an Evil Knievel jump suit for spur of the moment stunts like this is now one of my biggest regrets in life.

We Didn’t Crash

I thought there was a very good chance that the Emma X3 would start to bounce and swerve as it was being towed behind the Razor. A crash would have made for a cool video but we really didn’t want to break a wheelchair, and we really didn’t want to put Sam in the hospital. If a crash was maybe going to happen Sam was going to need a stunt double.

Mr. Bones

After filming all the slow motion shots we needed of Sam suiting up for the record attempt we swapped him out for his stunt double Mr. Bones. In the first aerial shot of the Razor pulling the all terrain wheelchair you can actually see Sam sitting in the front seat while Mr. Bones sits in the wheelchair with Sam’s helmt and clothes on.

This fooled nearly everyone who watched the video. Including Sam’s own brother who was very concerned when he called his mother asking if she had seen what Sam and I had done, and wondering if she was okay with it.

At the end of the video there is an out take that reveals it was Mr. Bones in the chair. This was my way of showing that Sam was never in danger but many people didn’t connect the dots on this, including my wife who lectured me after watching the video for putting Sam in danger.


How Fast Did You Go?

Between flying the drone, operating the camera, and making sure I had all the footage I needed to make a video I never checked the speed. Greg later told me it was between 35-40 mph and we were both surprised at how smooth the wheelchair rolled at that speed.

Who’s Greg?

Greg’s is the owner of Lucky W Electrical and sponsored this video. Greg and I have been friends for over 20 years. I liked the idea of turning Greg into a recurring character with a sketchy background who is always found on Craigslist and is the only guy crazy enough to help Sam and I complete another hairbrained idea. I’m look forward to Greg appearing in future episodes.

CategoriesNational Park Adventures

Off-road Stroller in Zion’s National Park

You don’t need to be extreme to enjoy an Extreme Motus Emma X3. When going for a walk on a sidewalk or paved walking path using a chair with some suspension and a long wheelbase makes the trip much nicer for both the person in the wheelchair and the person pushing the wheelchair.

Canyon Overlook Trail

My kids are 5 and 3 years old. Earlier in the day we went for a hike called Canyon Overlook Trail. Canyon Overlook is a 1 mile hike. The trail is very narrow and rocky, but the kids had a great time navigating the trail. They only needed help in a few spots where there are long drop offs. At the top we were greeted with a magnificent view of the canyon below.

There was also a couple at the top taking their wedding pictures. The bride was in a beautiful white dress. My 5 year old daughter thought it was so cool and wanted to know if they had kissed yet.

The off-road “stroller”

After Canyon Overlook Trail we headed back through the tunnel for some easier hikes. But the little ones had already walked enough for one day. So I turned the off-road wheelchair into a stroller and went for a walk on Pa’rus Trail.

Pa’rus Trail is a paved walking path that winds along a river and let the kids see a little more of Zion’s National Park. One of them sat in the seat and the other on the footrest. They had fun playing with their toys while mom and dad pushed. Sam liked to hold his hot wheel car on the front wheel as we rolled along.

Long wheelbase

If you have pushed a standard wheelchair on a sidewalk or paved walking path then you know the short wheelbase can make the chair a little “squirrely” to push. The rider also feels every crack in the sidewalk and every piece of gravel on the walking path.

The Emma X3 shines when being used for mild outdoor activities as well as extreme ones.


CategoriesHunting Adventures Winter Adventures

Wheelchair Ice Fishing

On February 1st 2020 the Disabled Outdoorsman USA hosted an ice fishing event at Strawberry Reservoir in Utah. It was a beautiful sunny day on the ice. Wheelchair users used Action Trackchairs and an Emma X3 to get around. I don’t know how many fish were caught, but I do know that friendships and memories were made and that is really what it’s all about.

At Home in the Snow

We have been lucky to participate in several winter events with the Emma X3 all terrain wheelchair. Often thought of as a summer product the X3 does a great job rolling over snow and ice as well. In those dreary winter months it’s more important than ever to get outside and soak up some sunshine when the weather allows.


Disabled Outdoorsmen USA is an awesome group who work with people of different abilities to get them out enjoying nature. DOUSA has a few different chapters in the United States. If you are interested in hunting or fishing I recommend linking up with them on facebook to stay informed of future activities.


CategoriesWinter Adventures

National Ability Center Yurt

The National Ability Center in Park City, Utah invited us to visit their yurt in the Uinta’s. The hike is just under one mile and required us to wear snowshoes.

Deep Powder Ahead

Stepping off the trail with snowshoes I sank to my knee. Without them I sank to my waist so staying on the trail was important. The trail had been used by many people before we got there, but wasn’t wide enough for the Emma X3 in some spots.

Half of our group went ahead and used their snowshoes to widen the trail. They also recruited other hikers they passed along the way. They told them about the wheelchair that was on it’s way up and asked if they could walk along the edges of the trail to help.

Pushing in the Snow

Pushing in the snow is a challenge. Our trick of attaching ropes to the front of the chair didn’t work well in the snow. The person up front was always turning the front of the chair and making the rear wheels slide off the beaten path.

Because the tires are smooth they tend to slide sideways easily. If the trail was angled to the one side or the other the chair would slip into the powder and have to be muscled back onto the trail. Luckily between Sam weighing 90 pounds, and the chair weighing 49 that wasn’t too difficult.

Slow and Steady

We didn’t set any speed records on this adventure, but we did make slow and steady progress to the yurt. On a trip like this it doesn’t make a lot of sense to rush through such beautiful country.

We stopped and said hello to other hikers. Sam even got a kiss… from a curious and friendly golden retriever along the way.

National Ability Center Yurt

Nestled in the woods is the National Ability Center’s Yurt. They had chairs inside, but it wasn’t too cold and we decided it would be easier to keep Sam in the X3 out front. We brought the folding chairs outside, sunk them in the snow and enjoyed some hot chocolate.

The yurt is available for overnight trips. Inside there are 3 bunk beds. I think it would be a lot of fun to take a group there and stay the weekend.

After a much deserved rest at the yurt we packed everything away, strapped our snow shoes on and headed back down the mountain.

National Ability Center Guides

Three members of the National Ability Center accompanied us on our trip. They all did an outstanding job.

Ruth was the leader of our group. She stuck with Roger and I and helped us push Sam up the hill. She made up for her small size with loads of energy and a great attitude. Ruth did more than her fair share of pushing Sam up the trail to the yurt.

Ruth is from Florida and deep down misses the beach. She kept mixing up the word snow with sand. She fell in the powder once and jumped up saying, “I’ve got SAND in my pants!”

Berin was the photographer/videographer for the trip. He was the only one in our group who wasn’t wearing snowshoes. Instead he had special skis that allowed him to move around the group in the deep snow. He could leave the trail without sinking and get different shots as we traveled.

Brandon went ahead of the wheelchair to blaze the trail, and unlock the yurt. He grew up in the area and was happy to see all the visitors in “his” mountains, but also misses the solitude they brought in his youth. Brandon did most of the pushing on the way back to the parking lot.

All three guides loved the X3 and made the trip so fun and we felt like old friends by the time we returned to the parking lot.

Book your own trip

If you would like to learn more about the National Ability Center Yurt or any of the other great things they do for the community head on over to


CategoriesHunting Adventures

Wheelchair Pheasant Hunting

On Saturday January 11th I had the chance to go pheasant hunting with the Chairbound Sportsman of Utah. Many hunters and volunteers gathered in Mosida on the west side of Utah Lake.

Assistive Devices

The hunters moved around with a variety of assistive devices. There were several Action Tracker chairs, side by side UTV’s, some 4 wheelers with custom chairs built on the front, and one Emma X3 off-road wheelchair.

Mud was the favorite curse word of the day. As we made our way through the fields it bogged down everything. The mud may have slowed us down but we still made our way through the fields following the dogs as they sniffed out the pheasants.

The hunters spread out across the field and made ready for a bird to fly across their zone. We split into 2 groups and all of the hunters in my group were able to shoot a bird, one guy got 4.

The dogs were well trained and did a great job of pointing and finding the birds. I had never been to a pheasant hunt before and was amazed at how well the birds were able to camouflage themselves.

Pushing the Emma X3 off-road wheelchair through those muddy fields was exhausting. To make things worse towards the end of the day we managed to pick up some bailing twine in the rear axle and it felt like we were pushing in the mud with the brakes on.

I had some great helpers which allowed me to work on taking videos and photos of the event. Thanks to the Chairbound Sportsman for inviting me to such a fun event.

CategoriesOur Company

Manufacturing an Off-Road, Beach Wheelchair

Extreme Motus manufactures a wheelchair that is tough enough to roll over rocks, mud, gravel, sand, and even float in water. There are other outdoor or beach wheelchairs on the market but not many can take a beating the way the Emma X3 can.

Manufacturing an off road wheelchair from aluminum takes some special equipment. Learn how Extreme Motus makes it happen here.

Raw Materials

Each of our chairs begins life as a bar of aluminium. These bars are cut to length with a band saw so they will fit into the CNC Mill.

CNC Mill

The mill runs a series of programs that cuts the raw material into parts that make up the frame of the chair.

The pattern that is cut into the bars that allow the user to hook bungie cords to their chair or tie pull ropes to so people can pull from the front.

Cutting holes in the lightweight aluminum makes it weigh even less. The Emma X3 weighs just 49 pounds. The pattern also just looks really cool.

Make it Pretty

Most of our chairs are anodized, and we do our best to have blue and red in stock at all times. But we have the ability to choose between powder coating, or anodizing pretty much any color under the sun.

If you want something flashy you could even choose a chrome or nickel coating that would look awesome.

Racing Seat

Like the frame the chair we use is made from aluminum. It’s an off the shelf part normally used in racing cars. This chair is bolted to the frame and the handlebar and brakes are attached to the back of the chair.

Depending on the needs of the rider these racing seats can be ordered in different sizes.

The Wheels

The large grey tires on our wheelchairs can be inflated between 2 and 4 psi. This allows them to roll over just about anything while also acting as suspension for the rider.

As an added bonus the large wheels make the chair buoyant so that the rider can float in the water.

They may look like they were stolen from a NASA lunar lander vehicle, but they are actually shipped to us from California by a company called Wheelezz.


When the frame, seat, and wheels are ready they are mounted in a jig for the assembly process. Dale our mechanic carefully assembles each chair at our shop.

Manufacturing Award

In October of 2019 Extreme Motus received the Power Manufacturing Award from Powerblanket. This award is given to companies who demonstrate excellence in manufacturing, culture and practices.

Stop by for a visit

If you would like to see our manufacturing process in person we would be happy to give you a tour. Give me a call, text, or send an email.

Ryan Grassley


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